Depression is the most common psychological disorder of our age, which reduces people’s quality of life.
Depression, which is a big obstacle even in carrying out daily activities, has a wide impact area that will affect 1 out of every 20 people.
We have compiled for you all your curiosity, such as the symptoms and treatment methods of depression that also physically affect the person over time.
What are the symptoms of depression?
In fact, the concept of depression, which is used to define the negative mood rather than a disease, can be considered as mental exhaustion.
The answer to the question of what is depression manifested by the person’s movements and mood.
Those who have this ailment often define themselves unhappy, moody, sad, and low morale during the day.
Depression, which is often confused with a normal depression, actually has different physical consequences, from heart conditions to asthma.
A person will be able to understand the difference between temporary depression and psychological discomfort more clearly by mastering the answer to the question of what is depression.
In the event of discomfort, the person sees himself inadequate and worthless, as well as feeling emotionally unhappy and sad.
He may even consider suicide as an escape from these feelings. It shows more and more asocial and seedy movements by isolating itself from the society.
Unlike morale, those who say ‘I am depressed’ are reluctant even to the activities that they previously enjoyed.
In addition, there are signs of physical discomfort, such as loss of appetite and constant sleepiness.
When the frequency of depression was analyzed, it was seen that the rate was 8 to 10% of the society in the beginning of 2010.
1 in 4 to 5 women and 1 in 10 men suffered from this ailment. It was assumed that these people would have the disease at least one time in their lives.
However, due to the developing and changing conditions, the idea that the problem has become widespread and not fully identified is accepted.
The situation that we see among those who present risk in depression terms, which is called completed suicide risk, that the untreated disorder can drift to suicide.
What are the types of depression?
We see that this disease, which is classified according to its severity, is mild and temporary in some cases and long-term in some cases.
Answering the question of what is depression according to the type of this ailment is a method that specialist doctors perform individually during the diagnosis.
1- Major Depressive Disorder
In these cases, which are the most severe type of discomfort, a person lives constantly with feelings of despair, worthlessness and sadness.
If the following symptoms of depression manifest themselves for more than two weeks, a diagnosis of major depressive disorder can be made:
*Depressed feelings for most of the day
*No interest in any activity and constant desire for immobility
*Sudden and substantial weight loss
*Too little or too much sleep
*Lack of concentration
*Feelings like guilt, regret, inadequacy and worthlessness
*Frequent thought of suicide
Apart from this result, which is seen at a rate of 15%, the business and family life of the person suffering from discomfort is also negatively affected and they are indifferent to the activities around them.
As depression, which is the 4th disease that causes the most loss of proficiency in the world, is spreading day by day, it will be in the second place in this list when we reach 2020.
It is also the most discomfort of western countries that has led to the loss of proficiency.
If depression treatment is not applied on time, it may also lead to the use of drugs and alcohol.
Chronic physical diseases such as diabetes and heart diseases can worsen or develop.
If the major depressive disorder is examined in more detail;
*Seasonal mood disorder
It appears that subtypes such as major depressive disorder exist.
2– Permanent depressive disorder (dysthymia)
It is a type that has mild symptoms but spreads over a long period.
As PDD, this situation, which we frequently see in short form, affects people for a minimum of 2 years. Symptoms of depression of this species:
Indifference to everyday work
*Loss of productivity
*Loss of self-esteem
It can be summarized as. It is observed that these people are generally critical as well as displeasure.
Why it happens?
Although the symptom of depression can manifest itself quite clearly, the same clarity may not be the case for the causes.
For example, it can be seen that boys react very much to traumas or stressful moments.
However, some research draws attention to the psychological effects of genetics and the existence of those who have frequent psychiatric problems in the family is questioned.
In other words, the causes of depression should be addressed in a complex way even at an early age.
Common reasons are; Structural disorders such as the frontal lobe of the brain being more passive, chronic medical conditions such as insomnia, pain, hyperactivity, and habits such as alcohol and drugs.
So much so that 30% of those with substance addiction have a clear sign of depression.
Conditions such as the presence of people with mental illness in the family, constant self-criticism and low self, side effects of the medications taken, economic problems, divorce and violence, and the loss of a relative may cause the same symptoms in the person.
How is it diagnosed?
Unfortunately, there is no depression test that provides direct diagnosis unfortunately.
After a comprehensive psychological evaluation, doctors reach this diagnosis by taking physical factors such as sleep, appetite, and activity level into consideration.
For this purpose, the person should be subjected to a series of verbal question answering processes.
Although we can not count as a depression test, because the disease has a close relationship with physical health, doctors can apply for a blood test or physical examination during the diagnosis process.
Causes such as vitamin D insufficiency and thyroid failure are among the causes of depression, which is manifested by a blood test.
The fact that this table, which affects not only you, but also those around you, closely and negatively, does not get better or even worsen, can have serious consequences.
Therefore, in the presence of mood symptoms, medical support should definitely be obtained.
Ignoring these complaints, which can be treated with many methods, from therapy to classic methods such as depression medications;
*Gaining or losing excess weight
*Starting harmful habits and addiction
*Problems in relationships
*Self-harm and suicide
as well as serious consequences.
How Is It Treated?
According to US research, only 51% of patients with psychological symptoms apply for treatment, while only 21% of the remaining mass can access effective treatment.
For a large part, there is a lack of diagnosis and treatment or prolonging the treatment process with wrong methods.
When we look at the numbers, we can see why an important problem such as how to get out of depression has come up so often.
Antidepressant drugs, which are the most used methods in the treatment process, are among the methods whose effectiveness is still discussed.
However, it is a fact that antidepressants can provide successful results on chronic complaints, even if not in the face of temporary situations such as depression.
At this point, it should be determined whether the person is in a state of sadness or if he/she has a chronic illness.
This distinction can only be made correctly by psychiatrists. Antidepressants, which can regulate the chemicals involved in the work of the brain, give positive results in 80% of people who use it.
Psychotherapy methods are also the general name of the methods developed over the years and applied with psychoanalysis or cognitive-behavioral therapy techniques.
While psychoanalysis methods resolve conflicts in the spiritual world of people, cognitive-behavioral therapy is focused on making the wrong patterns that are settled in behavior and thoughts positive.
It should be remembered that the methods offered as an alternative, except for methods with such scientific basis, have no proven effect.
It is among the important suggestions that those who show the possible symptoms, seek out activities such as meditation and regular sports in order to feel better, make their life more organized and maintain hormonal balance, and follow a healthy nutrition program with natural and fresh products by taking care of their nutrition.
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